Characterisation of an individual of the giant form of the purpleback flying squid Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (Cephalopoda: Ommastriphidae) in the Arabian Sea and its biological descriptors

Saji Kumar, K K and Najmudeen, T M and Ragesh, N and Jeena, N S and Rahuman, Summaya and Sunil, K T S and Sasikumar, Geetha and Mohamed, K S (2021) Characterisation of an individual of the giant form of the purpleback flying squid Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (Cephalopoda: Ommastriphidae) in the Arabian Sea and its biological descriptors. Molluscan Research. pp. 1-10.

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    Abstract

    This paper describes a mated female of the giant form of purpleback flying squid Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis (545 mm dorsal mantle length and 5.46 kg body weight) caught in the Arabian Sea, with biological, morphological, and molecular descriptors. Based on the growth increments within statoliths, its age was found to be 203 days with a high growth rate of 2.68 mm DML/day. Its diet contained squids (72.3%) and fish (27.3%) with a high degree (70%) of cannibalism. The total fecundity of the individual was estimated as 702,240 eggs. Three species of parasites were found, two species of Platyhelminthes from the mantle cavity (Phyllobothrium sp. and Nybelinia sp.) and one of Nematoda from the stomach (Anisakis simplex). The COI barcode confirmed the identity of the giant form as S. oualaniensis, and the high genetic divergence (6.18–9.35%) that was observed between the current specimen and other forms from various oceans points to the probability that it might be a genetically distinct lineage from the northern Indian Ocean. The present record forms the southernmost (10°05′ N) record of the giant form of this flying squid.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Age and growth; Arabian Sea; fecundity; purpleback flying squid; parasites; statolith
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish biology
    Molluscan Fisheries > Cephalopods
    Molluscan Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2021 06:26
    Last Modified: 18 Nov 2021 06:26
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15521

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