Polyketide-derived macrobrevins from marine macroalga-associated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as promising antibacterial agents against pathogens causing nosocomial infections

Chakraborty, Kajal and Vinaya, K K and Joy, Minju (2021) Polyketide-derived macrobrevins from marine macroalga-associated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as promising antibacterial agents against pathogens causing nosocomial infections. Phytochemistry, 193. pp. 1-13.

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    Abstract

    Marine heterotrophs are treasured bio-resources of antimicrobial metabolites, and herein we report the biosynthetic potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex. Fukumoto) Priest et al. (Bacillaceae) strain MTCC 12713 isolated from an intertidal macroalga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) L.M.Liao (Rhodophyta: Solieriaceae). The bacterium showed promising biological activities against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis. Genome mining of B. amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12713 predicted the gene clusters coding for biosynthesis of antibacterial metabolites. Bioactivity-guided purification was directed to isolate four homologous members of trans-acyltransferase polyketide synthase-derived antibiotics, which were classified as macrobrevin analogues. The compounds exhibited antibacterial activities against nosocomial pathogens, for example, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with a range of MIC values from 1.56 to 6.25 μg/mL, although standard antibiotic chloramphenicol was active at 6.25–12.5 μg/mL. Conspicuously, the macrobrevin compound encompassing hexahydro-41-hydroxy-macrobrevin-31-acetate functionality, displayed considerably greater antagonistic activities against methicillin-resistant S. aureus, vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, P. aeruginosa, K. pneumoniae, and Streptococcus pyogenes (MIC 1.56 μg/mL) compared to the positive controls and other macrobrevin analogues. Trans-AT polyketide synthase-stimulated biosynthetic pathway of macrobrevin compounds, through repetitive decarboxylative Claisen condensation between acetyl-S-KS domain and malonate-S-ACP units could corroborate the structural elucidation. In the genome mining study, among the 34 biosynthetic gene clusters, a hybrid trans-acyltransferase (trans-AT) pks/nrps gene cluster, which extends up to ~81 Kb, was recognized in the genome of B. amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12713. The pks/nrps cluster revealed 46% similarity to trans-AT PKS-derived macrobrevin isolated from a mesophilic bacterium Brevibacillus sp. Leaf182 associated with the phyllosphere of the wild-type genotype of Arabidopsis thaliana. The binding positions for macrobrevins with S. aureus peptide deformylase showed docking score of larger than 14 kcal/mol, which was considerably greater than macrolactin N and actinonin (<10 kcal/mol). These present findings documented that the marine heterotrophic B. amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12713 could be used to develop prospective antibacterial agents belonging to macrobrevin analogues for biotechnological and pharmaceutical applications.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) L.M.Liao; Solieriaceae; Heterotrophic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex. Fukumoto) Priest et al.; Macrobrevins; Antibacterial Trans-AT polyketide synthase
    Subjects: Biochemistry > Bioactive compounds
    Biochemistry
    Algae
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2021 05:43
    Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 05:43
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15431

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