Profiles of hemolymph antioxidant system in apparently healthy marine bivalve, Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) residing in a normoxic coastal ecosystem

Neethu, B R and Reshma, K J and Sumithra, T G and Akhitha, M B and Amala, P V and Ratheesh Kumar, R and Soni, K B and Sanil, N K (2021) Profiles of hemolymph antioxidant system in apparently healthy marine bivalve, Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) residing in a normoxic coastal ecosystem. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 262. pp. 1-8.

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    Dynamic interactions existing between antioxidant systems (AOS) and residing environment of marine bivalves makes practical relevance in assessing AOS of these animals for ecodiagnostics of residing water and culture practices. Among marine bivalves, Perna viridis act as an ideal aquaculture candidate and plays a pivotal role in ecomonitoring studies. Therefore, the present study was targeted to understand the responses of AOS in hae�molymph of P. viridis based on their residing environmental characteristics (salinity, temperature, pH and dis�solved oxygen[DO]) in a normoxic coastal environment. Results showed that profiles of all studied AOS components namely, GSH (reduced glutathione) level, GPx (glutathione peroxidase) activity and SOD (super�oxide dismutase) activity, were highly influenced by inhabiting conditions, and synchronised action of these AOS maintained comparatively stable levels of oxidative metabolism in haemolymph of P. viridis. However, a uniform correlation between the studied components could not be observed, suggesting variations of AOS levels in natural ecosystem could not be attributed to single environmental factor. Accordingly, linear mixed model analysis combining predicted and unknown influences was carried out and the results indicated that GSH levels have the potential to be used as an early biomarker in P. viridis for fluctuations in DO levels of residing environment, within normoxic conditions. In short, results of present research fetch its application in domestication, culture practices, climate change research and biomonitoring studies.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant system; Hydrographic parameters; Hemolymph Normoxic condition; Canonical discriminant function analysis
    Subjects: Molluscan Fisheries > Bivalves
    Molluscan Fisheries
    Marine Ecosystems
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2021 09:48
    Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 09:48

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