Morphological and molecular characterization of Neoechinorhynchus (N.) cephali n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) Stiles and Hassall 1905 infecting the flathead grey mullet Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) from the southwest coast of India

Kaur, Pinky and Sanil, N K (2021) Morphological and molecular characterization of Neoechinorhynchus (N.) cephali n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) Stiles and Hassall 1905 infecting the flathead grey mullet Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) from the southwest coast of India. Parasitology Research, 120 (9). pp. 3120-3136. ISSN 1432-1955

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Abstract

The present paper describes Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) cephali n. sp., an acanthocephalan parasite infecting the intestine of the flathead grey mullet Mugil cephalus from the southwest coast of India. The parasite exhibited a prevalence of 7.40%, mean intensity of 18.5 and abundance of 18-19 worms/infected host. Morphologically, N. (N.) cephali n. sp. is sexually dimorphic, small, cylindrical, slightly curved and creamy white in colour. Females are larger than males, measured 8.87 × 0.88 mm and 5.65 × 0.66 mm, respectively. Proboscis is armed with three circles of six hooks each, which progressively decreases in size posteriorly. Hooks are backwardly curved and robust and tapering with a sharp, pointed tip, striations on the surface and a manubrium at its base. The body is aspinose, trunk surface with micropores and pits and proboscis surface with papilliform structures. The body wall is with five dorsal and two ventral hypodermal nuclei, along with lacunar canals connected by circular anastomoses. Lemnisci are subequal, small lemnisci are uninucleated, and large ones are binucleated. The cement gland is oval, with four giant nuclei; bursa is with many sensory cells. Eggs are elliptical, with concentric shells, and polar prolongation is absent. In the molecular and phylogenetic analyses based on the 18S ribosomal DNA region, the present species stands out with a high bootstrap value and is positioned as a sister branch of N. (N.) dimorphospinus. Based on the differences in morphology, morphometry and molecular and phylogenetic analyses, the present species of acanthocephalan infecting M. cephalus is considered as new, and the name Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) cephali n. sp. is proposed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 18S rDNA; Cochin backwaters; Micropores; Morphology; Mugilidae; Phylogeny; SEM; Subgenus.
Subjects: CMFRI Departments > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology

Fish and Fisheries > Fish Disease
Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2021 08:59
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2021 06:52
URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15292

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