Insight into the Threadfin (Perciformes: Polynemidae) Diversity of Indian Waters using Mitochondrial COI Signatures

Gopalakrishnan, A and Vineesh, N and Ismail, Shihab and Akhilesh, K V and Muktha, M and Vijayagopal, P (2021) Insight into the Threadfin (Perciformes: Polynemidae) Diversity of Indian Waters using Mitochondrial COI Signatures. Thalassas: An International Journal of Marine Sciences. pp. 1-13.

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    Abstract

    Threadfns (Perciformes: Polynemidae) are commercially important, highly prized table fshes in India. In this study, we analysed the mitochondrial COI gene for validating species identifcation and phylogeny of threadfns occurring in Indian waters. Consequently, we developed barcodes for ten polynemids belonging to the genera Polydactylus, Eleutheronema, Leptomelanosoma, Filimanus and Polynemus. The K2P distance within the polynemid species in Indian waters ranged from zero to 0.8%. Nucleotide composition was estimated as adenine (A)=22.5%, thymine (T)=28.7%, cytosine (C)=29.7% and guanine (G)=19.1%. The average transitional pairs (75.8) were more frequent than the average transversional pairs (24.2) with an estimated Transition/Transversion bias (R) of 3.33. Cryptic species were observed in Polydactylus and Eleutheronema indicating the need for detailed studies on the taxonomy of polynemids globally. The present study determines the utility of DNA barcodes in species identifcation in polynemids.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA barcoding ; Diversity ; Polynemidae ; Fish ; Indian Ocean ; Threadfins ; India
    Subjects: CMFRI Departments > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology

    Fish Biotechnology
    Fish and Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI - Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 10:20
    Last Modified: 23 Oct 2021 05:59
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15262

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