Signals of selective constraints on the mitochondrial non‑coding control region: insights from comparative mitogenomics of Clupeoid fishes

Sebastian, Wilson and Sukumaran, Sandhya and Gopalakrishnan, A (2021) Signals of selective constraints on the mitochondrial non‑coding control region: insights from comparative mitogenomics of Clupeoid fishes. Genetica, 149. pp. 191-201.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10709-0...
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Abstract

The vertebrate mitochondrial genome is characterized by an exceptional organization evolving towards a reduced size. However, the persistence of a non-coding and highly variable control region is against this evolutionary trend that is explained by the presence of conserved sequence motifs or binding sites for nuclear-organized proteins that regulate mtDNA maintenance and expression. We performed a comparative mitogenomic investigation of the non-coding control region to understand its evolutionary patterns in Clupeoid fishes which are widely distributed across oceans of the world, exhibiting exemplary evolutionary potential. We confirmed the ability of sequence flanking the conserved sequence motifs in the control region to form stable secondary structures. The existence of evolutionarily conserved secondary structures without primary structure conservation suggested the action of selective constraints towards maintaining the secondary structure. The functional secondary structure is maintained by retaining the frequency of discontinuous AT and TG repeats along with compensatory base substitutions in the stem forming regions which can be considered as a selective constraint. The nucleotide polymorphism along the flanking regions of conserved sequence motifs can be explained as errors during the enzymatic replication of secondary structure-forming repeat elements. The evidence for selective constraints on secondary structures emphasizes the role of the control region in mitogenome function. Maintenance of high frequency of discontinuous repeats can be proposed as a model of adaptive evolution against the mutations that break the secondary structure involved in the efficient regulation of mtDNA functions substantiating the efficient functioning of the control region even in a high nucleotide polymorphism environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clupeoids; Compensatory base substitutions; Conserved sequence blocks-CSBs; Control region; Mitochondrial genome (mtDNA); Secondary/tertiary structure.
Subjects: CMFRI Departments > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology

Fish and Fisheries > Fish Genetics
Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
Depositing User: Arun Surendran
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2021 05:29
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2021 05:29
URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15159

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