Morphological and molecular description of a new species of Myxobolus (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) infecting Planiliza macrolepis (Smith, 1846) from India

Correya, Mary Soniya and Vijayagopal, P and Sanil, N K (2021) Morphological and molecular description of a new species of Myxobolus (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) infecting Planiliza macrolepis (Smith, 1846) from India. Journal of Parasitic Diseases. pp. 1-10.

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    The present paper describes a novel species of Myxobolus parasitizing the gill filaments of the largescale mullet, Planiliza macrolepis from Cochin backwaters, Kerala, India. The parasite develops in the gill filaments; plasmodia elongated, milky white, measured 1.37–2.18 (1.78 ± 0.35) mm 9 0.07–0.12 (0.10 ± 0.02) mm in size. Mature myxospores ovoid in valvular view, biconvex in sutural view with smooth shell valves and measured 6.24–7.02 (6.63 ± 0.23) 9 5.01–6.18 (5.68 ± 0.25) lm in size. Polar capsules equal, oval with pointed anterior ends, 3.07–3.58 (3.33 ± 0.12) 9 1.68–2.42 (2.09 ± 0.18) lm in size. Polar filaments with 4 coils, measured 29.61 ± 4.75 lm in length when extruded. Sporoplasm binucleate with a rudimentary nucleus and a vacuole. A comparison with related Myxobolus species revealed significant morphological and morphometric differences. In BLASTN and genetic distance analysis, the present parasite showed high divergence with other myxosporean sequences, indicating its molecular uniqueness. In Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference analysis, the present species stands out with M. ramadus as sister branch within the Myxobolus clade. In infected gill filaments, the plasmodia caused swelling/deformation, compression of lamellae and reduction in respiratory surface area. Three of 222 P. macrolepis screened were infected, indicating a prevalence of 1.3%. Considering the morphological, morphometric, molecular and phylogenetic differences with the previously described species of myxosporeans, along with the dissimilarities in host and geographical locations, the present parasite is treated as a new species and the name Myxobolus cochinensis n. sp. is proposed.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Myxobolus ; Myxospore ; Gills ; Plasmodia ; Molecular phylogeny ; Mullet ; Cochin backwaters
    Subjects: Demersal Fishes > Mullet
    Fish and Fisheries > Fish Disease
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2021 07:20
    Last Modified: 23 Mar 2021 07:20

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