Bacterial volatile mediated suppression of postharvest anthracnose and quality enhancement in mango

Archana, Janamatti T and Gogoi, Robin and Kaur, Charanjith and Varghese, Eldho and Sharma, R R and Srivastav, Manish and Tomar, Maharishi and Kumar, Manoj and Kumar, Aundy (2021) Bacterial volatile mediated suppression of postharvest anthracnose and quality enhancement in mango. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 177. pp. 1-10.

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    Abstract

    Anthracnose disease incited by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides reduces the yield and market-quality of mangoes worldwide. Previous studies have indicated the potential of diverse antimicrobial volatile organic compounds emitted by the endophytic Pseudomonas putida BP25 for plant disease suppression. In the present study, we have explored native-volatiles of Pseudomonas putida BP25 and a synthetic-volatile, 2-ethyl-5-methylpyrazine, earlier identified in volatilome of Pseudomonas putida BP25 for reducing anthracnose in mango cultivar, Amrapali. The bacterial volatile compounds displayed fungistatic effects on the mycelial growth of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in vitro. In planta prophylactic fumigation of mangoes with native-volatiles or the bacterial origin synthetic 2-ethyl-5-methylpyrazine for 24 h at 25 °C showed a reduction of anthracnose severity (>76 % reduction over mock) on fruit. Additionally, physicochemical qualities such as total-soluble solids, total-phenols, total-proline, total-carotenoid, total-flavonoid, and fruit-firmness were increased in fumigated fruit as compared to untreated mangoes. Anthracnose suppression coupled with the fruit quality enhancement by bacterial volatiles and synthetic 2-ethyl-5-methylpyrazine presents a new opportunity for postharvest management of mango during the storage, transit, and trade.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides; Fumigation; Mango; Microbial volatiles; Postharvest diseases; Pyrazines
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2021 04:36
    Last Modified: 22 Mar 2021 04:36
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/15026

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