Antioxidant defence system based oxidative stress mitigation through dietary jamun tree leaf in experimentally infected snubnose pompano, Trachinotus blochii

Linga Prabu, D and Ebeneezar, Sanal and Chandrasekar, S and Kavitha, M and Vijayagopal, P (2021) Antioxidant defence system based oxidative stress mitigation through dietary jamun tree leaf in experimentally infected snubnose pompano, Trachinotus blochii. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. pp. 1-21.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10695-0...
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    Abstract

    A 45-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary jamun tree leaf (JL) on the antioxidant defence system-based disease resistance in juveniles of Trachinotus blochii. The juveniles of snubnose pompano were distributed into four treatment groups in triplicates. Each treatment was fed with a diet containing either 0 (0JL), 0.5 (0.5JL), 1 (1JL) and 1.5% JL (1.5JL) in the feed. After feeding trial, the fishes were experimentally infected with Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The activities of oxidative stress enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and catalase were found to be increasing with increasing level of dietary JL incorporation, and the lower value was witnessed in control group in pre- and post-challenge. After challenge, the alanine and aspartate aminotransferase activities in all the treatments were significantly increased (P < 0.05) than the pre-challenge condition and exhibited reverse trend with the antioxidant enzymes. The alkaline and acid phosphatase activities were found higher in 1.5JL group and showed significant difference (P < 0.05) among the treatments. The respiratory burst activity and liver glycogen content showed an increasing trend as the level of inclusion of JL increased in the diet. The acetylcholinesterase activity was significantly plunged (P < 0.05) after experimental infection, and JL diet fed groups showed better activity. After experimental infection with V. parahaemolyticus, the highest relative percentage of survival was observed in 1JL and 1.5JL groups. Hence, dietary supplementation of jamun tree leaf at the level of 1% is adequate to reduce the oxidative stress and improved the innate immune status through antioxidant defence system.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant defence system; Stress mitigation; Jamun tree leaf; Snubnose pompano; Relative percentage of survival
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish Disease
    Fish and Fisheries > Fish Pathology
    Fish and Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Tuticorin
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2021 05:17
    Last Modified: 12 Mar 2021 05:17
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14963

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