Cage farming as a livelihood option for the socio economics upliftment of Tribal communities in India

Madhu, K and Madhu, Rema and Ignatius, Boby and Kizhakudan, Joe K and Santhosh, B and Swathi Lekshmi, P S and Dinesh, B and Rohit, Prathibha and Divu, D and Jayasankar, Reeta (2019) Cage farming as a livelihood option for the socio economics upliftment of Tribal communities in India. In: Souvenir - Cum - Extended Abstracts: National Workshop on "Aquaculture as a Livelihood Option for Tribal Farmers of India". !CAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, pp. 37-42.

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    Abstract

    The technologies developed by Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) through Farmer's Participatory Research (FPR) on marine and brackish water cage fish farming and allied activities are unanimously adopted as their livelihood option by many farmers in India. The vision of Tribal Sub Plan Project (TSP) is also to improve the level of knowledge and skills to elevate the social and economic status of tribal communities by utilizing coastal resources and infrastructural support. It is therefore these technologies were also given to Indian tribal communities for their socio economic upliftment and develop their skills enough to contribute to the fish production in India. In order to implement this project in India, survey work was conducted in Pathanamthitta, Kallam and Thiruvananthapuram, Nettoor, Thathappally, Ezhikkaraand Vaikom in Kerala;Oyyalikuppam village, Rajarethinam Nagar, Senjiamman Nagar and Kallukadamedu at Kottayakuppam village in Chennai;Byndoor and Mulky areas in Karnataka;Chuabahal, Kanthibhaunri, Jugadiha, Balughat, Laing colony, Jugadiha, Jhaga, Baniguni, Parikhi, Jambu, Bhateni, Hari Bank and Parikhi in Orissa; Madhupur and Raipur areas in Gujarat with the help of ST Promoters from the Tribal Welfare Department of respective states to identify the tribal areas in India. Benchmark assessment on the social, historical and livelihood of each village carried out through the initial interaction programmes. Preliminary meetings were held to make an assessment of the community status, their occupation and interest in improving their skills in marine fisheries and aquaculture. An assessment was also carried out to know their present level of involvement into marine fishery related activities, interest to do fish culture, employment status, intensity, investment capacity, resources, options, competitions, space, amenability and viability of the CMFRI technologies and adoption programmes. Later they were invited to CMFRI for interaction and further analysis on their strengths and weakness. Detailed programmes were chalked out to provide training and hands on support and skill development programmes for the identified families of tribal communities in India.The isolated settlement of an important ethnic tribal group of Ulladar in Kerala, lrular in Chennai, Marathy Naik in Karnataka, Khaira, Bhumija, Mahali, Bhuyan, Bhumij, Santai, Bhuyan, Mahali, Kolha, Santai and Kolhain Orissa and sidi tribes in Gujarat were identified for the effective implementation of this project in India.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: cage culture; tribals
    Subjects: Socio Economics and Extension
    Socio Economics and Extension > Fisheries Extension
    Aquaculture > Mariculture
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2021 06:17
    Last Modified: 18 Feb 2021 09:50
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14915

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