Evaluation of biosafety and tissue residue of oxytetracycline in juvenile snubnose pompano, Trachinotus blochii along with in vitro efficacy against fish pathogens

Sharma, S R Krupesha and Sumithra, T G and Suja, G and Shahansha, Azhar and Sanil, N K and Ashok Kumar, K and Patil, Prasanna Kumar (2020) Evaluation of biosafety and tissue residue of oxytetracycline in juvenile snubnose pompano, Trachinotus blochii along with in vitro efficacy against fish pathogens. Aquaculture. pp. 1-8.

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    Abstract

    Oxytetracycline (OTC) is a widely used antibiotic in both freshwater and marine intensive aquaculture practices. Responsible use of antibiotics requires data on in vitro efficacy against pathogens of targeted species, as well as on biosafety and tissue residue level in each targeted host. Accordingly, experiments were designed to evaluate the biosafety and tissue residue level of OTC in a marine aquaculture candidate species, viz., snubnose pompano (Trachinotus blochii). Biosafety of OTC was assessed by administration of medicated feed both at the therapeutic dose (80 mg/ kg biomass) and 3, 5, and 10 times the therapeutic dose. Exposure was done both for the rec- ommended duration of time (10 days) as well as two and three times higher than the recommended duration. Histological examination revealed moderate to severe tissue morphological changes in the liver, kidney, and gills of fish exposed to OTC. The liver was the first and most severely affected organ. Pathological effects in all the three selected organs were directly related to the dose and duration of OTC exposure. Further, tissue residue concentrations in the muscle of the group exposed to OTC at the therapeutic dosage for a duration of 10, 20, and 30-days were well below the maximum residual level prescribed by the European Commission and the US Food and Drug Administration, on day zero post-withdrawal, leaving its implications on consumer safety. Addition- ally, in vitro efficacy evaluation against marine fish pathogens of the target species, viz., Vibrio harveyi, Vibrio vulnificus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, showed that minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bacteri- cidal concentration ranged from 0.6 to 1.5 μg mL

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxytetracycline; Snubnose pompano; Histopathology; Tissue residues; MIC; MBC
    Subjects: CMFRI Departments > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology

    Fish and Fisheries > Fish Disease
    Fish Biotechnology
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2020 10:37
    Last Modified: 01 Dec 2020 10:37
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14722

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