High-value compounds from the molluscs of marine and estuarine ecosystems as prospective functional food ingredients: An overview

Chakraborty, Kajal and Joy, Minju (2020) High-value compounds from the molluscs of marine and estuarine ecosystems as prospective functional food ingredients: An overview. Food Research International, 137. pp. 17-36. ISSN 0963-9969

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    Extensive biodiversity and availability of marine and estuarine molluscs, along with their their wide-range of utilities as food and nutraceutical resources developed keen attention of the food technologists and dieticians, particularly during the recent years. The current review comprehensively summarized the nutritional qualities, functional food attributes, and bioactive properties of these organisms. Among the phylum mollusca, Cephalopoda, Bivalvia, and Gastropoda were mostly reported for their nutraceutical applications and bioactive properties. The online search tools, like Scifinder/Science Direct/PubMed/Google Scholar/MarinLit database and marine natural product reports (1984–2019) were used to comprehend the information about the molluscs. More than 1334 secondary metabolites were reported from marine molluscs between the periods from 1984 to 2019. Among various classes of specialized metabolites, terpenes were occupied by 55% in gastropods, whereas sterols occupied 41% in bivalves. The marketed nutraceuticals, such as CadalminTM green mussel extract (Perna viridis) and Lyprinol® (Perna canaliculus) were endowed with potential anti-inflammatory activities, and were used against arthritis. Molluscan-derived therapeutics, for example, ziconotide was used as an analgesic, and elisidepsin was used in the treatment of cancer. Greater numbers of granted patents (30%) during 2016–2019 recognized the increasing importance of bioactive compounds from molluscs. Consumption of molluscs as daily diets could be helpful in the enhancement of immunity, and reduce the risk of several ailments. The present review comprehended the high value compounds and functional food ingredients from marine and estuarine molluscs.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine and estuarine molluscs; High-value compounds; Functional food ingredients; Nutraceuticals; Pharmacological potentials; Bioactive leads
    Subjects: Biochemistry > Bioactive compounds
    Molluscan Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2020 04:54
    Last Modified: 16 Sep 2020 04:54
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14637

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