Stomopneulactone D from long-spined sea urchin Stomopneustes variolaris: Anti-inflammatory macrocylic lactone attenuates cyclooxygenase-2 expression in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages

Chakraborty, Kajal and Francis, Prima (2020) Stomopneulactone D from long-spined sea urchin Stomopneustes variolaris: Anti-inflammatory macrocylic lactone attenuates cyclooxygenase-2 expression in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages. Bioorganic Chemistry, 103. pp. 1-15.

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    Abstract

    Cyclooxygenase-2 is one of the prominent enzymes to cause an increased production of prostaglandins during inflammation and immune responses. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression is up-regulated in inflammatory conditions owing to the induction by different inflammatory stimuli including cytokines, and therefore, the expression studies of cyclooxygenase-2 in lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage cells (RAW 264.7 cell line) could be used for screening of the compounds with anti-inflammatory potential. The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory properties of four homologous stomopneulactones A-D, classified under the class of macrocyclic lactones isolated from the solvent extract of the long-spined sea urchin Stomopneustes variolaris (family Stomopneustidae) in the lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophages. The structures of these isolated compounds were assigned using detailed spectroscopic techniques. Stomopneulactone D bearing 5-butyl-4-hydroxy- 12-oxo-1-oxa-5,9-cyclododecadienyl moiety exhibited relatively greater anti-inflammatory potentials against cyclooxygenase-2 (IC50 ~ 2 mM) and 5-lipoxygenase (IC50 2.6 mM) than those displayed by other macrocyclic lactones. The studied compounds displayed higher selectivity index values (anti-cyclooxygenase- 1IC50/anti-cyclooxygenase-2IC50 > 1), which designated the selective anti-inflammatory potentials of the macrocyclic lactones against inducible inflammatory mediators than those exhibited by the anti-inflammatory agent ibuprofen (0.43). The in silico molecular modelling analyses of the stomopneulactones with cyclooxygenase- 2/5-lipoxygenase enzymes recorded lowest binding energy (−7.71 and −9.60 kcal mol−1, respectively) and docking score (−8.82 and −11.12 kcal mol−1, respectively) for stomopneulactone D along with its higher electronic parameter (topological polar surface area of 72.83), which further confirmed its greater antiinflammatory potential than other compounds in the series. Stomopneulactone D also inhibited the generation of inducible nitric oxide synthase, intracellular reactive oxygen species, along with 5-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase- 2 in the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage cells. Additionally, the studied macrocyclic lactone decreased the mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in the inflammatory cells in dose-dependent manner, which demonstrated the therapeutic potential of stomopneulactone D in down-regulating the inflammatory pathogenesis.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Stomopneustes variolaris; Stomopneulactones A-D; Macrocyclic lactones; Anti-inflammatory; Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages; Pro-inflammatory cyclooxygenase-2
    Subjects: Biochemistry > Bioactive compounds
    Echinoderms
    Echinoderms > sea Urchin
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2020 04:53
    Last Modified: 05 Aug 2020 04:53
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14424

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