Reproductive biology and diet of the longtail butterfly ray Gymnura poecilura (Shaw, 1804) along western Bay of Bengal

Muktha, M and Maheswarudu, G and Sreeramulu, K and Kizhakudan, Shoba Joe (2020) Reproductive biology and diet of the longtail butterfly ray Gymnura poecilura (Shaw, 1804) along western Bay of Bengal. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. pp. 1-10.

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    Abstract

    The reproductive biology and diet of the longtail butterfly ray Gymnura poecilura is described based on 630 specimens (N = 377 females and 253 males). The mean disc width (WD) of females and males was 576.7mm (range = 190–920 mm) and 416.3mm (230–550 mm), respectively. Sexual dimorphism in size was seen, with the maximum size of males being only 60% of the maximum female size. The disc widths at 50% maturity (WD50) were estimated to be 506.5mm (females) and 435.9mm (males). The mean uterine fecundity was 3.3 (range = 1–8). The size at birth was between 190 and 220mm WD. Year-round reproduction was indicated, due to the presence of mature males and gravid females throughout the year, neonates in multiple months and large variations in embryo size within months. Feeding intensity increased with body size. Fish accounted for 80.9% of the diet (Index of Relative Importance, IRI), followed by crustaceans (18.9%) and molluscs. The species was found to be a specialized feeder.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Bay of Bengal; butterfly ray; India; IRI; maturity
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish physiology
    Food and Feeding
    Demersal Fishes > Ray fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Madras (Chennai)
    CMFRI-Visakhapatnam
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 08 May 2020 06:03
    Last Modified: 08 May 2020 06:03
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14212

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