Spiny Lobsters and Potential of Sea Cage Culture Spiny Lobster Resources in India

Saleela, K N and Santhosh, B and Anil, M K and Jasmine, S and Unnikrishnan, C and Pillai, Arathy R (2017) Spiny Lobsters and Potential of Sea Cage Culture Spiny Lobster Resources in India. In: Training on Recent Advances in Mariculture. ICAR - Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, pp. 57-62.

Spiny Lobsters and Potential of Sea Cage Culture Spiny Lobster Resources in India_2017_Saleela K N.pdf

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    Fishery science and technology contributes a vital role in the augmentation of fish production globally.Among the seafood items, spiny lobsters have a prime position in terms of high unit value, demand, nutritional qualities with less perishable nature. Lobsters have great demand in international and domestic market, especially from tourism based beach resorts and restaurants as a luxury food. The annual lobster landings in India has been declining from a peak of 4,075 t in 1985 to the present annual average of 1,546 t. On an average, the fishery is contributed by Gujarat (43.7%), Maharashtra (25.4%), Tamil Nadu(14.6%) and Kerala (13%) (CMFRI Annual Report 2000-2015). Lobster fishing in India is mostly carried out by region specific traditional fishermen communities inhabiting along the coastal belts of different maritime states. Over the years the lobster fishery in India witnessed changes in fishing pattern, utility pattern with the introduction of live export market , sea cage culture and increased consumption and demand from tourism sector . Live Lobsters have a prominent place in the sea food export market both in terms of demand and price from Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan, Europe and USA. India witnessed a sea change in foreign exchange earnings through marine products export worth 46,975 million rupees during 1997-98 and 55,111.12 million rupees during 2014-15, from an initial value of 25 million rupees in 1950-51 (Sakthivel, 1999). The marine products export accounted and contributed 3.5 % of the total exports in 1990s. Our marine product exports in the initial stages were in dried and canned form. It has gradually progressed into frozen h 340 million rupees in 1996-97 (Sakthivel, 1999). Spiny lobsters formed one of the items in the live fish export along with mud crabs and reef fishes. The annual average revenue earnings by India through the export of lobsters is amounted to Rs.74 crores.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: lobster
    Subjects: Aquaculture > Cage culture
    Crustacean Fisheries > Lobsters
    Divisions: CMFRI-Vizhinjam
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 07:12
    Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 07:12
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/14146

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