Marine Fisheries Policy Series No.10; Guidance for Good Mussel Farming Practices in India based on a Case study from Kerala

Mohamed, K S and Asokan, P K and Sasikumar, Geetha and Kaladharan, P and Kripa, V and Sanil, N K and Padua, Shelton and Prema, D and Vidya, R and Jenni, B and Saji Kumar, K K and Anasu Koya, A and Alloycious, P S and Jestin Joy, K M and Venkatesan, V (2019) Marine Fisheries Policy Series No.10; Guidance for Good Mussel Farming Practices in India based on a Case study from Kerala. Marine Fisheries Policy Series (10). pp. 1-64. ISSN 2394-8019

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    Abstract

    In India, the adoption of mussel (Perna viridis) farming, practice began in 1996 when it was field tested in the shallow backwaters of Padanna in Kasaragod District of Kerala. This paved the way for commercial mussel production from northern districts of Kerala, particularly in Padanna Backwaters by coastal villagers. There was a steady rise in mussel production from estuarine farms till 2008, which was followed by a reduction since 2009. During 2015, this rate of reduction in farmed mussel production was drastic, recording as high as 93.8%, when compared to the 2014 figures. This reduction was not restricted to Padanna Backwaters alone, as there was mortality and decline in production in all northern districts of Kerala in 2015. Mussel farming sector of Padanna Backwaters is confronted with several problems. With rapid growth in farming the availability of mussel seeds became limiting and farmers sourced seeds from distant locations resulting in poor seed quality at the time of seeding. The supply-demand gap pushed the farmers to compromise on the seed quality. This resulted in tended mussel stocks which were susceptible to stress. The environmental degradation in the farmed area of Padanna due to excessive number of farms per unit area and reduced flushing of water in certain pockets was further burdened by the extremely high ambient air and water temperatures in 2015-16. The prevailing environmental anomaly resulted in higher than normal salinity and high temperature, which compounded the environmental stress on the farmed mussels. This resulted in a crisis in February 2016, leading to stunted growth, high mortality and prevalence of the protozoan parasite,   Perkinsus olseni. The CMFRI’s scientific team which has been monitoring the mussel farming activity in the area, setup a task force to identify the issues and suggest solutions to farmers and the Government. The adoption of sustainable aquaculture practices in Padanna Backwaters by improving the quality of seeds, enhancing the flushing rates, modifying the farm layout and reducing the farming density per unit area are among the 21 recommendations proposed by CMFRI task force to tackle these challenges. These recommendations are complementary to the global guidelines for Best Aquaculture Practices for mussels. This requires the collaborative effort from the farmers, local administration and the fisheries department.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine Fisheries Policy Series; mussel
    Subjects: Molluscan Fisheries > Mussel culture
    CMFRI Publications > CMFRI Policy Series
    Marine Fisheries > Policy
    Marine Fisheries > Fisheries Management
    Aquaculture > Fisheries Management
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Molluscan Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2019 04:51
    Last Modified: 30 Nov 2019 04:51
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/13950

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