Ortholinea scatophagi (Myxosporea: Ortholineidae), a novel myxosporean infecting the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus 1766) from southwest coast of India

Chandran, Archana and Zacharia, P U and Sanil, N K (2020) Ortholinea scatophagi (Myxosporea: Ortholineidae), a novel myxosporean infecting the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus 1766) from southwest coast of India. Parasitology International, 75. pp. 1-8.

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    Abstract

    A new species of myxosporean, Ortholinea scatophagi n. sp. infecting the urinary bladder of the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus 1766) is described. O. scatophagi n. sp. is characterized by spherical myxospores with a slightly flattened anterior end and equal spore valves with extra sutural ridges on its surface; measured 7.34 ± 0.67 μm in length, 6.90 ± 0.71 μm in width and 6.48 ± 0.37 μm in thickness. Two polar capsules, equal, spherical to oval in shape, arranged diametrically opposite and measured 2.59 ± 0.42 μm in length and 2.24 ± 0.35 μm in width. Polar filaments, 21.84 ± 2.86 μm long, with four to five coils. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the presence of extra sutural ridges on spore surface. Pansporoblasts spherical to irregular in shape, measured 31.08 ± 2.67 μm in length and 13.88 ± 5.40 μm in width; Monosporic, disporic and polysporic plasmodial stages were observed; plasmodia spherical or irregular in shape with granular cytoplasm containing refractile granules. The species was compared with 23 existing nominal species of Ortholinea, based on morphology and morphometry. Molecular analysis resulted in a 1773 bp long SSU rDNA sequence (GenBank accession number MN 310514). In phylogenetic analyses the present parasite clustered with other members of Ortholinea, under the freshwater urinary clade. Considering the morphologic, morphometric and molecular differences with previously described species of Ortholinea, and differences in host and geographic locations, the present species is treated as new and the name Ortholinea scatophagi n. sp.is proposed.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Ortholinea scatophagi; Scatophagus argus; Myxosporeans; Spores; Extra-sutural ridges; Urinary system; Molecular phylogeny
    Subjects: Fish Biotechnology > Microbiology
    Fish Diseases
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 09:02
    Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 09:02
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/13942

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