CMFRI Annual Report 2018-19

CMFRI, Kochi (2019) CMFRI Annual Report 2018-19. Technical Report. CMFRI, Kochi.

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    Abstract

    CMFRI had 37 in-house research projects, 34 externally funded projects and 12 consultancy projects in operation in the year 2018-19. Total marine fish landings along the coast of mainland of India for the year 2018 is estimated at 3.49 million tonnes showing a decline of about 3.47 lakh tonnes (9%) compared to 3.83 million tonnes in 2107. Among the nine maritime states Gujarat remained in the first position with landings of 7.80 lakh tonnes followed by Tamil Nadu with 7.02 lakh tonnes. Indian oil sardine, the topmost contributor to the Indian marine fish basket recorded the sharpest fall of 54%, plummeting to ninth position from its first position in 2017. Indian mackerel became the topmost resource with a contribution on 2.84 lakh tonnes towards the total landings (8.1%). Sustained bumper landings of red toothed triggerfish (Odonus niger) were observed in the west coast since August 2018. There was considerable reduction in the number of fishing days in West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and SummaryPuducherry due to cyclonic storms Titli, Gaja and Phethai. The assemblage wise marine fish landings of Gujarat for the year 2018 showed the predominance of molluscan resources (7%). Pelagic finfish resources (38%), followed by demersal (30%), crustaceans (25%) and molluscan resources (7%). The marine fish landings in Maharashtra during 2018 was 2.95 lakh t with 22.5% decrease from previous year (3.81 lakh t in 2017). The prominent species/groups that contributed to the fishery of the state were non-penaeid shrimps (12.6%), penaeid shrimps (11.4%), croakers (10.2%), threadfin breams (8.4%), Indian mackerel (7.1%), Bombay duck (5.6%) and squids (5.2%). Marine fish landings in Kerala during 2018 were 6.42 lakh t which was 9.8% higher than that of the previous year (2017). The major resources in the catch was Indian mackerel (12.6%) followed by oil sardine (12%), threadfin breams (8.3%), Stolephorus (8%) and penaeid shrimps (7.9%). Pelagic finfishes dominated the landings with a share of 62%, which was 6.1% higher than that of the previous year’s estimated pelagic catch. The total marine landing in Tamil Nadu in 2018 was 7.02 lakh t showing an increase of 7% when compared to previous year. Pelagic finfishes formed 52.1%, demersal fin fishes 33%, crustaceans and cephalopod 7.5% each. The total landing in Puducherry was 45406 t showing an increase of 68% when compared to previous year. Pelagic resources formed 30.5%, demersal 27.2%, crustaceans 17.7% and cephalopods 22.2%. Marine landings of Andhra Pradesh were 1.92 lakh t in 2018. There was a decline of 3.6% in marine landings of the state from 2018 to 2017. The marine landings of the state have been in constant decline since the peak landings of 2014. Pelagic fishes were the dominant resource followed by demersal, crustaceans and molluscans. Lesser sardines dominated by weight accounting for 17.8% of the total fish landed. Among pelagics, major resources landed were clupeids (47.7%), mackerel (13.84%), carangids (12.4%), ribbonfish (7.25%), tunas (6.3%) and seerfish (3.15%). Barracuda and billfish contributed 2.49% and 1.6%, respectively. The major demersal resources were croakers (17.8%), other perches (10.2%), goatfish (9.9%), threadfin breams (8.9%) and catfish (8.6%). Crustacean landing was contributed by penaeid shrimps (68.9%), non-penaeid shrimps (2.8%), crabs (27.4%), lobsters (0.2%) and stomatopods (0.7%). The major molluscan resources were the cephalopods which comprised of the cuttlefishes (76.44%) and squids (23.56%). West Bengal during 2018 was 1.6 lakh t which decreased by about 56% compared to the previous year (3.6 lakh t). The total marine landings of Odisha coast during 2018 was estimated at 89178 t registering a decline of about 30% compared to the previous year (126958 t). Large pelagic fish landing during 2018 was only 249,876 t by registering an improvement of about 22% over the previous landing. Major share of the landing was constituted by tunas, followed by barracudas, seerfishes and billfishes. Among the maritime states Tamil Nadu is the major contributor, followed by Kerala, Gujarat and Karnataka. Elasmobranch landings in India during 2018 was 42,117 t, increasing marginally by 2% from the previous year. Tamil Nadu and Gujarat were the major contributors. The west coast accounted for 50.5% of the landings and the east coast, 49.5%. Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Gujarat and Daman and Diu together accounted for 68.4% of the total elasmobranch landings in the country. Bivalve production in 2018 in the country was estimated at 1,32,531 tonnes. The fishery was dominated by clams, consisting of 76.3%, followed by mussels, 15.3% and oysters, 8.4%. Clams dominated the fishery contributing 76.3% to the annual bivalve production followed by mussels, 15.3% and oysters, 8.4%. Gastropod fisheries assessment and developments in shell craft industry was also a part of the molluscan research.

    Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: CMFRI Annual Report 2018-19
    Subjects: CMFRI Publications > CMFRI Annual Reports
    CMFRI
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2019 07:02
    Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 06:40
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/13922

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