Breeding, early development and larval rearing of cloudy damsel, Dascyllus carneus Fischer, 1885

Muhammed Anzeer, F and Aneesh, K S and Abraham, Mijo V and Darsana, S and Santhosh, B and Anil, M K and Gopalakrishnan, A and Udayakumar, A and Kingsly, H Jose and Unnikrishnan, C and Yoyak, Greever (2019) Breeding, early development and larval rearing of cloudy damsel, Dascyllus carneus Fischer, 1885. Aquaculture, 505. pp. 374-385.

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    Abstract

    As the demand for marine ornamental fish is ever increasing, the industry largely relies on collections from natural habitat due to insufficient breeding and seed production technologies. Fishes of the family Pomacentridae are popular in marine aquaria throughout the world. Among these, damsel fishes of the genus Dascyllus has high demand and are mostly collected from the wild. The present study forms the first-ever report on successful breeding and larval development of Cloudy Damsel (Dascyllus carneus Fischer, 1885). Though there are a few reports on breeding of other species of Dascyllus, there has been no report on the complete larval development of any of the species in this genus. This forms the first description of early larval development of a Dascyllus species. Using the copepod Parvocalanus crassirostris as first feed the larval rearing was done. Successful breeding and larval development were achieved from the wild-caught broodstock of D. carneus at Vizhinjam Research Centre of ICAR-CMFRI, India. Brood stock from the wild took 4 months to spawn, laid 6500–10,500 eggs per spawning and hatching rate ranged from 90.6 to 98.81%. Newly hatched larvae were the smallest among all the reported larvae of pomacentrid fishes and measured 1.95 ± 0.14 mm in total length. Yolk reserve was completely absorbed within 72 h of hatching. Preflexion stage is from 4 to 10 dph, flexion stage is from 11 to 12 dph and postflexion period is 13–15 dph. Larvae accepted only copepod naupliar stages as first feed and calanoid copepod P. crassirostris alone was fed until 25 dph. Larvae settled from planktonic stage in 22–23 days and all the larvae metamorphosed into juveniles by 50 dph. The egg development, larval development and larval pigmentation up to 50 dph has been described. The feeding protocols and feed size preference in relation to their age or mouth gape, the gut contents and mouth gape of the larvae caught from a feed trial with surplus copepods of all stages were analysed at regular intervals. Larvae preferred larger stages of copepods in later stages of their development. Finally larval feeding protocols were modified accordingly and better survival was observed. A final feeding regime has been developed and a strategy for the consistent hatchery production of this species was achieved. Different stages of copepod P. crassirostris were used till the settlement of planktonic stage of larvae and Artemia nauplii were used from 25 dph. The larvae were completely weaned to artificial diet from 50 dph.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine ornamental fishes; Pomacentridae; Larval rearing; Parvocalanus crassirostris; Copepods; Mouth gape
    Subjects: Aquaculture
    Aquaculture > Ornamental Fishes
    Eggs and Larvae
    Divisions: CMFRI-Vizhinjam
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 08:42
    Last Modified: 07 Mar 2019 08:42
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/13450

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