Mariculture in India: Status and Potential

Rao, G Syda and Imelda, Joseph (2018) Mariculture in India: Status and Potential. In: Aquaculture in India. Narendra Publishing House, Delhi, India, New Delhi, pp. 77-91. ISBN 978-93-87590-36-6

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    The world capture and aquaculture production of fish was about 148 million tonnes in 2010 with a total value of US$217.5 billion. The capture fisheries production continues to remain stable at about 90 million tonnes although there have been some marked changes in catch trends by country, fishing area and species, of which 70–80 million tonnes is currently used for human consumption. With sustained growth in fish production and improved distribution channels, world food fish supply has grown significantly in the last five decades, with an average growth rate of 3.2% per year in the period 1961–2009, outpacing the increase of 1.7% per year in the world’s population. World per capita food fish supply has been increased from an average of 9.9 kg in the 1960s to 18.6 kg in 2010 (SOFIA, 2012). According to the UN, 30% of fish stocks have already collapsed, meaning they yield less than 10 % of their former potential, while virtually all fisheries will run out of commercially viable catches by 2050. Based on FAO projections, it is estimated that in order to maintain the current level of per capita consumption, global aquaculture production have to reach 80 million tonnes by 2050. Aquaculture must bridge the gap between sustainable fisheries and demand and it must do so in a sustainable way, with sustainable feed raw materials and minimal environmental impact, and it must be recognised and accepted as a valid provider of excellent food (Wartenberg, et al., 2017).

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Mariculture
    Subjects: Aquaculture > Mariculture
    Aquaculture > Cage culture
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Mariculture
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2019 07:04
    Last Modified: 08 Feb 2019 07:04

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