Planonasus indicus sp. n., a new species of pygmy false catshark (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Pseudotriakidae), with a revised diagnosis of the genus and key to the family

Ebert, David A and Akhilesh, K V and Weigmann, Simon (2018) Planonasus indicus sp. n., a new species of pygmy false catshark (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Pseudotriakidae), with a revised diagnosis of the genus and key to the family. Marine Biodiversity.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-018-0915-4
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    Abstract

    A new species of the genus Planonasus is described from off southwestern India and Sri Lanka in the northern Indian Ocean. The new species occurs along the upper continental slope from 200 to 1000 m deep and was landed in fisheries for gulper sharks (Centrophorus spp.). Planonasus indicus sp. n. externally closely resembles P. parini (Carcharhiniformes: Pseudotriakidae), the only other member of the genus. It can be distinguished from P. parini by a combination of morphological characters including absence of oral papillae, lack of a distinct white mark on the free rear tip of the first dorsal fin, sides and underside of head, as well as fin edges that are similar in color as body (vs. dusky), more tooth rows in the lower jaw, shorter labial furrows, longer and less high spiracles, proportionally higher, more angular dorsal fins, especially the second dorsal fin, proportionally longer pectoral fins, a proportionally larger anal fin, longer distances from the snout tip to the origins of the caudal fin, both dorsal fins and the pelvic fins, as well as to the vent, and shorter distances for preorbital snout, prepectoral length, pelvic midpoint to second dorsal fin origin, and pelvic-anal space. A revised diagnosis of the genus and key to the family is also provided.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep-sea Elasmobranch Shark; Systematics Taxonomy; Northern Indian Ocean; India
    Subjects: Demersal Fisheries > Shark fisheries
    Fish and Fisheries > Fish Taxonomy
    Divisions: CMFRI-Mumbai
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2018 06:31
    Last Modified: 18 Aug 2018 06:31
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/12993

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