Marine biodiversity: An important resource base to develop bioactive compounds for health and diseases

Joshi, K K and Sethulakshmi, M and Sheeba, K B and Thobias, P A and Varsha, M S (2018) Marine biodiversity: An important resource base to develop bioactive compounds for health and diseases. In: Winter School on “Recent advances in bioactive compounds from marine organisms and development of high value products for health management, ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi.

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    Abstract

    A bioactive compound means a substance which has a biological activity. The definition of bioactive compounds takes different dimensions like deriving from nature or synthetic, compounds usually occur in small quantity, adhere potential effect on human health. It is well known that many organism like sponge, jellyfish, fish, coral, mussels, bivalves, sea hare, seahorse, crustacean, marine plants and turtles yield bioactive compounds of great importance to human welfare. The long coastline of 8129 Km2 with an EEZ of 2.02 million Sq. km including the continental shelf of 0.5 million Sq. Km harbors extensively rich multitude of species. Vast regions of mangroves are found along the coast of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andaman Islands which extends up to about 682000 ha area. Coral reefs are found in the Gulf of Kutch, along the Maharashtra coast, Kerala coast, in the Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay and the Wadge Bank along the Tamilnadu coast and around Andaman and Lakshadweep Islands. The variety of coastal ecosystems include brackish water lakes, lagoons, estuaries, back waters, salt marshes, rocky bottom, sandy bottom and muddy areas provides a home and shelter for the mega biodiversity of India. These regions support very rich fauna and flora and constitute rich biological diversity of marine ecosystems. This great mega diversity of abundant species along the Indian marine ecosystems provided immense opportunity for the exploration and utilization of the bioactive compounds.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine biodiversity; bioactive compounds; health and diseases
    Subjects: Biochemistry > Bioactive compounds
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Biodiversity
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 08:56
    Last Modified: 14 Sep 2018 04:28
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/12977

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