Overview of the Fish Diversity of Indian Waters

Nair, Rekha J and Dinesh Kumar, S (2018) Overview of the Fish Diversity of Indian Waters. In: DBT sponsored Three Months National Training in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology for Fisheries Professionals, 2nd February 2015 - 31st March 2018, Kochi.

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    Fishing is one of the oldest human activities and it developed gradually, when our ancestors moved from the collection of plants and animals to hunting by using tools and weapons. The oldest fishing implements so far identified are harpoons, found in the territory of Congo, and dating about 90,000 years. Interestingly, these harpoons were found associated with the bones of a species of now extinct giant catfish. In India too, it is believed that the development of fishing must have been parallel. There are reports that fishes were grown in reservoirs as early as 320 BC. There are several evidences of fish capture and culture since then. There were evidences to indicate over-fishing in the River Ganges as early as 1785. Russell made the first systematic study of the Indian fish fauna from 1785 to 1789 AD. Sir Francis Day studied the systematics of Indian fishes for over 20 years and listed 351 genera and 1418 species of marine, brackish water and freshwater fishes in 1868. Later, Alcock added 86 new genera and 200 species to the list. Jones and Kumaran (1980) recorded 603 species of fish from the Laccadive archipelago. Of the 603 species of marine fishes belonging to 126 families that are reported from the islands, at least 300 species belong to the ornamental fish category. At present, of the recorded 24,000 species of finfishes in the world, about 2364 species are known to occur in India (www. fishbase. org). Rao (2009) recorded 1371 species in 77 families from the Andaman and Nicobar islands.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Fish Diversity ; Indian waters
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries > Fish Taxonomy
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries Division
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries Division
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Demersal Fisheries Division
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2018 06:31
    Last Modified: 29 Jun 2018 06:31
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/12911

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