Previously Undescribed Antibacterial Polyketides from Heterotrophic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Associated with Seaweed Padina gymnospora

Chakraborty, Kajal and Thilakan, Bini and Raola, Vamshi Krishna (2018) Previously Undescribed Antibacterial Polyketides from Heterotrophic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Associated with Seaweed Padina gymnospora. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 184 (2). pp. 716-732.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12010-0...
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    Abstract

    A heterotrophic marine bacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens isolated from seaweed Padina gymnospora exhibited broad spectra of antibacterial activities against pathogenic bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila, Vibrio harveyi, Vibrio vulnificus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The seaweed-associated B. amyloliquefaciens was recognized to possess functional type I polyketide synthase-1 (pks-1) gene, and was used to isolate four homologous compounds with polyketide frameworks. The compounds were characterized as 11-(15-butyl-13-ethyl-tetrahydro-12-oxo-2H-pyran-13-yl) propyl-2-methylbenzoate (1), 9-(tetrahydro-12-isopropyl-11-oxofuran-10-yl)-ethyl-4-ethoxy-2-hydroxybenzoate (2), 12-(aminomethyl)-11-hydroxyhexanyl-10-phenylpropanoate (3), and 7-(14-hydroxypropan-13-yl)-8-isobutyl-7,8-dihydrobenzo[c]oxepin-1(3H)-one (4) by comprehensive nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopic experiments. The compounds 1–4 displayed significant antibacterial activities against clinically important pathogens V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus (inhibitory zone diameter of ≥15 mm, 100 mcg on disk). The electronic and hydrophobic parameters appeared to hold a conspicuous part in directing the antibacterial properties of the compounds. This study revealed seaweed-associated B. amyloliquefaciens as potential source of antimicrobial polyketides for pharmaceutical applications.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Seaweed associated bacterium; Bacillus amyloliquefaciens; Padina gymnospora; Antibacterial metabolites; Polyketides Polyketide synthase-1
    Subjects: Biochemistry > Bioactive compounds
    Algae > Seaweed
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2018 04:27
    Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 04:27
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/12869

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