Evaluation of paraprobiotic applicability of Lactobacillus plantarum in improving the immune response and disease protection in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man, 1879)

Dash, Gyanaranjan and Raman, Ram Prakash and Pani Prasad, K and Makesh, M and Pradeep, M A and Dash, Swatipriyanka Sen (2015) Evaluation of paraprobiotic applicability of Lactobacillus plantarum in improving the immune response and disease protection in giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man, 1879). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 43. pp. 167-174.

[img] Text
Gyanaranjan Dash_2015_Fish and Shellfish Immunology_Evaluation of paraprobiotic applicability of Lactobacillus plantarum.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (548kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Related URLs:

    Abstract

    Paraprobiotics, also known as ghost probiotics, are non-viable microbial cells which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a benefit on the host. However, the advantage of non-viable microbes over their viable counterparts is a much debated topic in aquaculture. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate paraprobiotic effect of heat-killed Lactobacillus plantarum on giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. A 90-day feeding trial was conducted by feeding prawn juveniles (mean weight ± SE: 0.54 ± 0.03 g) with three experimental diets prepared by supplementing basal diet (Crude protein: 38%; Gross energy: 387 kcal 100 g�1) with different concentrations of heat-killed probiotics bacteria viz. HKPB1 (107 cfu g�1 diet), HKPB2 (108 cfu g�1 diet), HKPB3 (109 cfu g�1 diet) and control diet (unsupplemented diet). In the present study, growth parameters viz.WG % and SGR and feed utilization parameters viz. FCE, FCR and PER, though improved marginally in all experimental groups, were found to be insignificant (P > 0.05) compared to the control. The immune parameters viz. total hemocyte count (THC), phenol oxidase (PO) activity, respiratory burst (RB) activity and clearance efficiency were significantly improved (P < 0.05) with concurrent decrease (P < 0.05) in cumulative mortality against Aeromonas hydrophila challenge in all the experimental groups except for HKPB1, where PO and RB activity did not improve significantly (P > 0.05) compared to the control. Among the experimental groups, though the improvement in immune parameters was higher (P < 0.05) in HKPB2 and HKPB3 compared to HKPB1 and the control, no significant difference (P > 0.05) was observed between HKPB2 and HKPB3. The results obtained from the present study indicate that the application of heat-killed L. plantarum at a concentration of 108 cfu g�1 diet, though not effective in augmenting the growth and feed utilization parameters, can significantly improve immune parameters and disease resistance of M. rosenbergii in the laboratory condition.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat-killed probiotic; Lactobacillus plantarum; Diet supplement; Macrobrachium rosenbergii; Immune parameters
    Subjects: Fish Biotechnology > Bioactive compound
    Fish Diseases
    Divisions: CMFRI-Veraval
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2018 07:05
    Last Modified: 14 Feb 2018 07:05
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/12627

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item