Report of the Task Force on Enhancing technology use in agriculture insurance

Aggarwal, P K and Chand, R and Bhutani, A and Kumar, Vijay and Goel, S K and Rao, K N and Poddar, M K and Sud, U C and Krishna Murthy, Y V N and Ray, S S and Murthy, C S and Sikka, A and Shirsath, P B and Mishra, J P and Choudhury, M and Choudhury, O P and Joshi, A K and Sen, G and Tarpara, C N and Kumar, D and Sahoo, R N and Kumar, N S and Yadav, A K and Singh, T P and Kannan, H and Satish Raju, G and Sudhakar, M and Singh, K K and Agarwal, N and Reddy, P K and Shukla, A and Shanbaug, A and Srivastava, A K and Mehta, S and Gupta, P K and Gopalakrishnan, A and Chandel, B S and Duggal, R K and Deshmukh, V and Kotwaliwale, N and Vora, P and Kumar, S and Lochan, R (2016) Report of the Task Force on Enhancing technology use in agriculture insurance. Technical Report. NITI Ayog (National Institute for Transforming India) Aayog, New Delhi.

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    Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is a flagship scheme of the Government of India to provide insurance coverage and financial support to farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crops, unsown area and damage to harvest produce as a result of natural calamities, pests and diseases to stabilise the income of farmers, and to encourage them to adopt modern agricultural practices. The scheme is a considerable improvement over all previous insurance schemes in India and is heavily subsidised by the state and central governments. The scheme aims to cover 50 percent of the farming households within next 3 years. During its implementation in the last one season, several challenges relating to enrolment, yield estimation, loss assessment, and claim settlement were reported by farmers, insurance companies as well as the state governments. It was also noted that several technological opportunities existed for possibly leveraging support to the Indian crop insurance program for enhanced efficiency and effectiveness. NITI Aayog of the Government of India, therefore, constituted a Task Force to deliberate on this subject and identify such potential opportunities. This report summarises the recommendations of the Task Force. The Task Force constituted to address the issue of technology support to crop insurance comprised the following 5 sub-groups: (1) Remote Sensing & Drones; (2) Decision Support Systems, Crop Modelling & Integrated Approaches; (3) IT/ICT in Insurance; (4) Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs); and (5) Technologies for Livestock and Aquaculture Insurance. Each sub-group had several discussions with experts in the respective areas, and submitted draft reports. More than 100 experts related to professional research agencies, insurance industry, banks, and the government contributed to these discussions. Technological options available in the country and abroad were considered by all groups. The Task Force together with the sub-groups then deliberated on key issues and formulated its recommendations as presented in this report. During the discussions it was realised that there were many administrative and institutional issues that needed to be addressed in PMFBY. However, the focus of the Task Force was on its main mandate, technology use in crop insurance. We hope these recommendations would help the Indian crop insurance sector take full advantage of the technological options suggested so as to increase its efficacy and effectiveness leading to reduced agrarian distress in the country.

    Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Enhancing Technology Use; Agriculture Insurance
    Divisions: Contributors
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2017 05:36
    Last Modified: 21 Oct 2017 05:36

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