Fisheries Sciences

Ayyappan, S and Jena, J K and Lakra, W S and Srinivasa Gopal, T K and Gopalakrishnan, A and Vass, K K and Sahoo, P K and Chakraborty, Rina (2015) Fisheries Sciences. In: 100 Years of Agricultural Sciences In India. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi, pp. 329-410.

AGKN_2005_Fisheries Science_100 Years of Agriculture.pdf

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    The history of fisheries research in India goes back to the early 19th century, when dried or preserved material was sent to the Museums of Natural History in England and other European countries for identification and cataloguing (Silas, 2003). Some of the earliest scientific observations on fisheries in pre-independent India were the works of Francis Hamilton-Buchanan (1822) and Francis Day, whose initial work on ‘The Fishes of Malabar’ (1865), was followed by a monograph on ‘The Fishes of India’ (1875-78); and two more volumes on ‘Fishes’ in ‘The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma’ (1889). The enactment of Indian Fisheries Act of 1897 was a major landmark in the development of fisheries in pre-independent India. In the latter half of 19th century, emphasis on coastal and deep-water surveys in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea led to possession of valuable information on new deepwater fauna of fishes and crustaceans, hydrology and plankton. The initial work by the Zoological Survey of India on fisheries and marine biology through eminent leadership of its Directors, viz. Nelsen Annandale, Stanley Kemp, Seymour Sewell, Baini Prasad and S. L. Hora during first half of the 20th century led to generation of several first hand information on the taxonomy, bionomics, eco-biology, hydrology, and fish and fisheries of upland lakes, rivers and coastal waters. The emphasis shifted from coastal and deep-water surveys in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea to upland lakes, rivers and coastal waters in the beginning of the 20th century. With the establishment of the Bureau of Fisheries in 1907, the Madras Presidency became the pioneer for fisheries development in India. Establishment of the Marine Biological Station at Krusadai Island in 1924 and subsequently at West Hill and Ennore led to organized research programmes on pearl and chank fisheries in the Gulf of Mannar.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture
    Subjects: Fish and Fisheries
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 22 May 2017 05:54
    Last Modified: 22 May 2017 05:54

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