Wetlands of Small Island Nations in South Asia vis-à-vis the Mainland and Island Groups in India: Status and Conservation Strategies

Dam Roy, S and Krishnan, P and Patro, Shesdev and George, Grinson and Velmurugan, A and Kirubasankar, R and Ramachandran, Purvaja (2017) Wetlands of Small Island Nations in South Asia vis-à-vis the Mainland and Island Groups in India: Status and Conservation Strategies. In: Wetland Science Perspectives From South Asia. Springer, pp. 31-48. ISBN 978-81-322-3713-6

[img] Text
Grinson George_2017_Wetlands of Tropical Islands_in_Wetland Science.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (972kB)
Related URLs:

    Abstract

    The wetlands of small island nations in South Asia such as Sri Lanka and the Maldives are compared with that of India with respect to their status, biodiversity, threats and conservation measures. Sri Lanka has diverse coastal habitats, which are known to support fishes (1800 species), marine turtles (5 species), marine mammals (38 species), corals (183 species), mangroves (40 species), birds (100 species), reptiles (33 species) and seagrasses (10 species). The Maldives boasts one of the world’s richest marine biodiversity comprising 250 species of corals, over 1200 of reef fishes, 200 species of sponges, over 1000 species of crustaceans and over 100 species of echinoderms. Marine biodiversity of India comprises 12,913 species, of which more than 5800 species are reported from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Marine biodiversity of Lakshadweep islands is represented by corals (172 species), fishes (396), sponges (95), molluscs (260), echinoderms (84), crustaceans (80), turtles (04),birds (142), marine mammals (6), seagrasses (07) and mangroves (03). The major threats to these wetlands of South Asian countries are climate change, extreme events like tsunami, coastal erosion, population pressure, habitat destruction and over-exploitation. The chapter emphasises the need for adopting frontier tools for biodiversity documentation and innovative strategies for their conservation.

    Item Type: Book Section
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiversity; Small island nations; Threats; Wetlands
    Subjects: Marine Fisheries > Climate Change
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Fishery Resource Assessment
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 06:28
    Last Modified: 08 May 2017 06:28
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/11736

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item