Quality of Six Indian Populations of Artemia franciscana for Larval Finfish Culture

Vikas, P A and Chakraborty, Kajal and Sajesh Kumar, N K and Thomas, P C and Sanil, N K and Vijayan, K K (2014) Quality of Six Indian Populations of Artemia franciscana for Larval Finfish Culture. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 26. pp. 271-291. ISSN 1545-0805

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    Abstract

    We explored the nutritional value to larval finfish of Artemia populations from various geographical locations in India. Cyst and nauplii biometry, hatching percentage, and nutrient content were measured and compared with commercially available San Francisco Bay Brand A. franciscana (SFB). Marakkanam population possessed the smallest cyst and nauplii, followed by SFB. The Nagercoil, Marakkanam, and Mithapur populations had significantly higher carotenoid content in cyst, nauplii, and adult stages compared to SFB. The essential polyunsaturated fatty acid 22:6n-3 was higher in nauplii of the Marakkanam, Nagercoil, Vedaranyam, and Tuticorin populations compared to SFB. Often limiting amino acids such as threonine, leucine, arginine, lysine, methionine, and histidine were observed in higher levels in the nauplii stage than in the cyst and adult stages of Artemia. The Marakkanam and Mithapur populations appeared promising as substitutes for expensive imported Artemia with respect to nutrient and biometric quality indicators.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Amino acid; Artemia franciscana; biometry; fatty acid; hatching percentage; trehalose
    Subjects: Aquaculture
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 13 May 2016 09:09
    Last Modified: 13 May 2016 09:09
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/10795

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