Micronutrient Composition of 35 Food Fishes from India and Their Significance in Human Nutrition

Mohanty, Bimal and Sankar, T V and Ganguly, Satabdi and Mahanty, Arabinda and Anandan, R and Chakraborty, Kajal and Paul, B N and Sarma, Debajith and Syama Dayal, J and Mathew, Suseela and Asha, P S and Mitra, Tandrima and Karunakaran, D and Chanda, Soumen and Shahi, Neetu and Das, Puspita and Das, Partha and Akhtar, Md Shahbaz and Vijayagopal, P and Sridhar, N (2016) Micronutrient Composition of 35 Food Fishes from India and Their Significance in Human Nutrition. Biological Trace Element Research. pp. 1-7.

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    Abstract

    The micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) are required in small amounts but are essential for health, development, and growth. Micronutrient deficiencies, which affect over two billion people around the globe, are the leading cause of many ailments including mental retardation, preventable blindness, and death during childbirth. Fish is an important dietary source of micronutrients and play important role in human nutrition. In the present investigation, micronutrient composition of 35 food fishes (includes both finfishes and shellfishes) was investigated from varying aquatic habitats. Macrominerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg), trace elements (Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Se) were determined by either atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) or inductively coupled plasma- mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) / atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Phosphorus content was determined either spectrophotometrically or by ICP-AES. Fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The analysis showed that, in general, the marine fishes were rich in sodium and potassium, small indigenous fishes (SIFs) in calcium, iron and manganese, coldwater fishes in selenium and the brackishwater fishes in phosphorous. The marine fishes S. longiceps and Epinephelus Spp and the SIFs were rich in all fat soluble vitamins. All these recommendations were made according to the potential contribution (Daily value %) of that species to the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for that nutrient. Information on the micronutrients generated would enhance the utility of fish in both community as well as clinical nutrition.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Micronutrients; Minerals; Vitamins; Foodfishes
    Subjects: Biochemistry
    Fish Biotechnology > Microbiology
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Biotechnology
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 13 May 2016 09:08
    Last Modified: 13 May 2016 09:08
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/10788

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