Exploitation of penaeid shrimp resources by small mechanised trawlers off Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

Maheswarudu, G and Sreeram, Miriam Paul and Dhanwanthari, E and Varma, J B and Sajeev, C K and Rao, S Satya (2015) Exploitation of penaeid shrimp resources by small mechanised trawlers off Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 62 (2). pp. 7-13.

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    Abstract

    Small trawlers (9-11 m OAL) fit for short-term cruises (2-7 days) exploit penaeid shrimps up to a depth of 70 m in the Bay of Bengal off Visakhapatnam both in the northern and southern directions. During the period 2001 to 2010, average annual fishing effort was 5,97,412 h. Penaeid shrimp catch varied from 703 t to 4,323 t with average catch per hour (cph) being 3.54 kg. The contribution of penaeid shrimps to total fish landings ranged from 6.7 to 18.32%, both fishing effort and landings of the resource showing increasing trend. Penaeid shrimp landing was supported by 24 species, dominated by Metapenaeus monoceros followed by Metapenaeus dobsoni. Mean annual species composition and cph for each species were estimated for two spells i.e., 2001 to 2005 and 2006 to 2010. Catch per hour for five species declined whereas it increased for the rest 19 species. The cph for penaeid shrimps increased by 103% from spell 1 to spell 2. Expected catch for each year was estimated by Schaefer production model (CEDA; r2=0.72) which showed that the resource was under exploitated during 2001-2005 and overexploited during 2006-2010, which indicate the necessity for restricting fishing effort at present level.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Bay of Bengal; Catch and effort; Penaeid shrimp; Schaefer production model; Small mechanised trawlers; Total fish landings; Visakhapatnam
    Subjects: Crustacean Fisheries
    Marine Fisheries > Marine Fishing
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries
    CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Marine Capture > Crustacean Fisheries
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2015 08:26
    Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 08:43
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/10477

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