Rhamnolipid biosurfactants: evolutionary implications, applications and future prospects from untapped marine resource

Kiran, G S and Ninawe, A S and Lipton, A P and Pandian, Vijayalakshmi and Selvin, J (2014) Rhamnolipid biosurfactants: evolutionary implications, applications and future prospects from untapped marine resource. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. pp. 1-17.

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    Abstract

    Rhamnolipid-biosurfactants are known to be produced by the genus Pseudomonas, however recent literature reported that rhamnolipids (RLs) are distributed among diverse microbial genera. To integrate the evolutionary implications of rhamnosyl transferase among various groups of microorganisms, a comprehensive comparative motif analysis was performed amongst bacterial producers. Findings on new RL-producing microorganism is helpful from a biotechnological perspective and to replace infective P. aeruginosa strains which ultimately ensure industrially safe production of RLs. Halotolerant biosurfactants are required for efficient bioremediation of marine oil spills. An insight on the exploitation of marine microbes as the potential source of RL biosurfactants is highlighted in the present review. An economic production process, solid-state fermentation using agro-industrial and industrial waste would increase the scope of biosurfactants commercialization. Potential and prospective applications of RL-biosurfactants including hydrocarbon bioremediation, heavy metal removal, antibiofilm activity/biofilm disruption and greener synthesis of nanoparticles are highlighted in this review.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosurfactants, biosurfactant-applications, evolutionary implications; microbial-production; rhamnolipid
    Subjects: Food Chemistry
    Divisions: Contributors
    Depositing User: Dr. V Mohan
    Date Deposited: 01 May 2015 05:39
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 16:00
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/10378

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