Climate change awareness, preparedness, adaptation and mitigation strategies: Fisherfolks perception in Coastal Kerala

Shyam, S Salim and Kripa, V and Zacharia, P U and Shridhar, Nivedita and Ambrose, T V (2014) Climate change awareness, preparedness, adaptation and mitigation strategies: Fisherfolks perception in Coastal Kerala. Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 2. pp. 670-681.

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    Abstract

    Coastal environments cover 8 per cent of the world’s surface, house 70 per cent of the human population, provide 90 per cent of the global f ish catch, and deliver 40 per cent of the estimated economic value derived from ecosystem goods and services. In addition to increasing population pressure and demand for marine protein, climate change is modifying coastal environments and increasing the vulnerability of marine-dependent communities around the world. Climate change is modifying the distribution, productivity of marine and freshwater species thereby impacts the sustainability of f isheries and aquaculture, eventually on the livelihoods of the communities that depend on f isheries. The effect of sea level rise means that coastal f ishing communities are vulnerable and are in the front line of the deleterious effects of climate change. Changing seawater temperature and current flows will likely bring increases, decreases and shifts in the distribution of marine f ish stocks, with some areas benef iting while others lose. These changes may have impacts on the nature and value of commercial f isheries. Many artisanal f ishers are extremely poor with social and political marginalization with limited access to healthcare, education and other public services. With little capacity to adapt, the small-scale and migrant f ishers are highly vulnerable to losses of natural capital consequent to climate impacts. The impacts of climate change going to affect economy as well the social standards of f isher folk with implications for food security and sustainablelivelihoods . Thus the climate change effects impact the environment, f ishery, social, economic and development drivers..Consequently, it is important to understand factors that contribute to vulnerability of coastal biological and human systems in order to develop sustainable adaptation pathways; and develop effective mechanisms and expertise to translate f indings into management guidelines and policy advice addressing natural, social and economic implications. Globally each government are looking for pragmatic time-bound strategies and plans for mitigation and adaptation

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change; Vulnerability; Awareness; Preparedness; Stakeholders; Adaptation; Mitigation; Management; Perception; APAM; Livelihoods; Community
    Subjects: Socio Economics and Extension
    Marine Environment > Climate change
    Divisions: CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    Subject Area > CMFRI > CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    Subject Area > CMFRI-Kochi > Fishery Extension
    Depositing User: Arun Surendran
    Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 05:11
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2015 15:59
    URI: http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/id/eprint/10231

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